Ancient Egypt

Randy SweetAncient Egypt Report
The Nile river was the most important thing to Ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians were very smart because they were settled near a river. Without the Nile the Egyptians wouldnt survive, and even now we wouldnt study their history. The Nile was so important because it gave them water and fertilizer for farming and they believed in a God of the Nile whos name was Osiris. Irrigation along much of the river supported the growth of agricultural products such as cotton, wheat, sorghum, dates, citrus fruits, sugarcane, and various legumes. Other local communities fished in the Nile River. The Egyptian Empire was first great African civilization developed in the northern Nile Valley in about 5000 BC. Dependent on agriculture, this state, called Egypt, relied on the flooding of the Nile for irrigation and new soils.The Nile was their only way of trading and fastest way of transportation.Without the Nile it would take them a long time to go from city to city or trade. Egyptians always depended on the Nile to flood, when the ice from the mountains melted every year there was a flood. The flood from Nile left furtilizer for farming, and when there wasnt a flood they depended on fishing and trading. Every year they predicted the exact time the nile would flood. It always flood at the same time every year.

Pharaohs were very important to the Egyptians, they control everything. for every great Pharaoh there was a pyramid built and the pharaoh was buried in it with lots of beautiful artifacts built mostly from gold. Other small pharaohs like King Tut were buried under ground, but with gold and statues and also his coffin was solid gold. The Egyptians believed that the pharaohs were gods and did everything they were told to by the other gods. Later people in ancient Egypt stopped believing in many gods but most of them still did. Pharaohs were considered very smart, because they had ideas on how to built the pyramids. All Egyptians believed in afterlife, especially pharaohs. Pharaohs were buried withlots of Gold and weapons for their next life. There were statues of peons and statues of themselves. The statues of peons were there to serve them in the pharaohs next life and to protect the pharaohs they had Book Of The Dead so the spirit knew where to go after it left the body. Some pharaohs had their servents killed and placed in pyramids with them. And some killed their families so they live with him in next life along with soldiers and servents. The man pharaohs made their pyramids bigger because they were
greater than the women. And women have the small pyramids, there are about 80 pyramids standing in Egypt today.

The Egyptians did not have a true religion; they had more of a collection of myths and doctrines, which evolved to suit the worshippers needs. Although many changes were evident in their religion, conflict between new and old concepts did not occur. However, their belief system was much more complex and elaborate than that of any other culture. A clear reason is not given, but we theorize that environmental conditions play a significant role in their authenticity. The Nile River plays an important part in Egyptian mythology. As the Nile flows northward through Egypt, it creates a narrow ribbon of fertile land in the midst of a great desert. The sharp contrast between the fertility along the Nile and the wasteland of the desert became a basic theme in Egyptian mythology. Ra was the Sun god of Egypt, and Hapi the god of the Nile River. As the Egyptians knew of the Suns great significance, they gave Ra the status that Zeus has over Olympus. Hapi, being the god of the key to Egypts prosperity, was also given great power. These two gods would most likely be the two most important gods of Egyptian mythology, since these deities are directly related to the two most significant elements that allowed for Egypts 2500-year-reign.

In addition to aforementioned agricultural values, the Afterlife was of great importance to the ancient Egyptians and few cultures devoted so much of their time and wealth to preparation for their death than they did. Presumably, this would be so because they valued their current situation intensively, and they would have hope that even after death, that they would be able to live life in continual prosperity. It is their rituals related to the Afterlife that fascinates modern society, as we have made many movies, books, and documentaries concerning it. They valued this to such a degree because the afterlife was conceived of as continuation of life on earth, and by following this logic, the dead man would need, in his tomb, all those necessities and luxuries which made life on earth pleasant. In addition to this, they believed that the underworld replica of their body, the ka, would need to make a safe trip through the underworld, and because of this, many intricate procedures would have to be followed. A famous example of such procedures would be that of mummification. Anubis was the god of mummification. The Egyptian embalming rituals were emulated from that Anubis followed when resurrecting Osiris, the god of the underworld. The embalming of the body was thought to preserve the body forever, allowing time for the ka to return, and thus resurrection.

From their strong values in these areas, they have created a strong uniqueness which is widely acknowledged, and appreciated. From my research, I am able to conclude that the Egyptians strong attitude towards nature and the afterlife in their worships even their location helped to begin one of the greatest civilizations ever.

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